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Remarks on the Tariff
Speech of Representative Thaddeus Stevens, in Congress, June 30, 1866



    Mr. STEVENS. Mr. Chairman all those free-trade doctrines that are now located along the Mississippi were some years ago further located down South. I had hoped that they were expunged from the free industrial manufacturing North, but I was mistaken. 

    Whenever else the secessionists took with them I am very sorry they did not take all their relics of free-trade doctrine with them. But it seems they did not take all their relics of free-trade doctrine with them. But it seems they did not; a little of the seed is left.

    Mr. Chairman, thirty years ago, before there were rolling-mills in Pennsylvania for iron bars of this kind, the price of that article introduced from England was more than three times what it was five years ago, before the war. It was reduced from the former price simply by protecting American manufactures, and enabling our rolling-mills to build up the trade. And yet these gentlemen cannot see it, cannot understand it. They are blind to everything but a theory which is mere theory, and never can be reduced to practice without crushing all the industry of this country. Do not gentlemen know that the reasons why England can now send into this country, as she does, nearly as much iron as we make because the price of labor is but one third what it is here? Why, sir, the price of iron is well ascertained to consist of one part capital to nineteen parts labor. Nineteen twentieths is labor, It is the laborer therefore, that these gentlemen are striking at; it is the laborer whom the Free-Trade League of the gentleman from Iowa {Mr. KASSON} are seeking to grind by carrying this theory, I say the Free-Trade League of the gentleman from Iowa, for I find his name connected with one of these leagues. I find his name in its circular as among its managers. But I am too much exhausted to speak, and I will say no more.





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